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Using a dynamic hydrology model to predict mosquito abundances in flood and swamp water Public Deposited

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  • We modeled surface wetness at high resolution, using a dynamic hydrology model, to predict flood and swamp water mosquito abundances. Historical meteorologic data, as well as topographic, soil, and vegetation data, were used to model surface wetness and identify potential fresh and swamp water breeding habitats in two northern New Jersey watersheds. Surface wetness was positively associated with the subsequent abundance of the dominant floodwater mosquito species, Aedes vexans, and the swamp water species, Anopheles walkeri. The subsequent abundance of Culex pipiens, a species that breeds in polluted, eutrophic waters, was negatively correlated with local modeled surface wetness. These associations permit real-time monitoring and forecasting of these floodwater and nonfloodwater species at high spatial and temporal resolution. These predictions will enable public health agencies to institute control measures before the mosquitoes emerge as adults, when their role as transmitters of disease comes into play.
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  • Shaman, J., Stieglitz, M., Stark, C., Le Blancq, S., & Cane, M. (2002). Using a dynamic hydrology model to predict mosquito abundances in flood and swamp water. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 8(1), 6-13.
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  • 8
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  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. National Science Foundation grants from the Division of Environmental Biology (Arctic LTER Project) and the Office of Polar Programs (Arctic Natural Sciences, Arctic Systems Sciences [LAII]). NASA's Global Modeling and Analysis Program in support of the NASA Seasonal to Interannual Prediction Project. Columbia University Strategic Investment Fund.
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2010-10-04T17:26:13Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Shaman_et_al_Emerging_Infectious_Diseases_2002_Using_a_Dynamic.pdf: 333058 bytes, checksum: 145c1cd7bdeb64c1d20e07b69eda08d2 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2002-01

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