Structure and proposed mechanism of L-α-glycerophosphate oxidase from Mycoplasma pneumoniae Public Deposited

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  • The formation of hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) by the FAD-dependent α-glycerophosphate oxidase (GlpO), is important for the pathogenesis of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae. The structurally known GlpO from Streptococcus sp. (SspGlpO) is similar to the pneumococcal protein (SpGlpO) and provides a guide for drug design against that target. However, M. pneumoniae GlpO (MpGlpO), having <20% sequence identity with structurally known GlpOs, appears to represent a second type of GlpO we designate as Type II GlpOs. Here, the recombinant His-tagged MpGlpO structure is described at ~2.5 Å resolution, solved by molecular replacement using as a search model the Bordetella pertussis protein 3253 (Bp3253) a protein of unknown function solved by structural genomics efforts. Recombinant MpGlpO is an active oxidase with a turnover number of ~580 min⁻¹ while Bp3253 showed no GlpO activity. No substantial differences exist between the oxidized and dithionite-reduced MpGlpO structures. Although, no liganded structures were determined, a comparison with the tartrate-bound Bp3253 structure and consideration of residue conservation patterns guided the construction of a model for α-glycerophosphate (Glp) recognition and turnover by MpGlpO. The predicted binding mode also appears relevant for the type I GlpOs (such as SspGlpO) despite differences in substrate recognition residues, and it implicates a histidine conserved in type I and II Glp oxidases and dehydrogenases as the catalytic acid/base. This work provides a solid foundation for guiding further studies of the mitochondrial Glp dehydrogenases as well as for continued studies of M. pneumoniae and S. pneumoniae glycerol metabolism and the development of novel therapeutics targeting MpGlpO and SpGlpO.
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  • Elkhal, C. K., Kean, K. M., Parsonage, D., Maenpuen, S., Chaiyen, P., Claiborne, A., & Karplus, P. A. (2015). Structure and proposed mechanism of L-α-glycerophosphate oxidase from Mycoplasma pneumoniae. FEBS Journal, 282(16), 3030–3042. doi:10.1111/febs.13233
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  • 282
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  • 16
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  • This work was supported by North Carolina Biotechnology Center Grant 2011-MRG-1116 (to A.C.), by Thailand Research Fund MRG5580066 (to S.M.), by Thailand Research Fund RTA5680001 (to P.C.), and Howard Hughes Medical Institute grant 52005883 (to C.K.E.). Synchrotron data were collected at the Advanced Light Source, supported by contract DE-AC02-98CH10886 from the Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the U.S. Department of Energy.
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