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Osmotic Tolerance Limits of Red Blood Cells from Umbilical Cord Blood Public Deposited

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  • Effective methods for long-term preservation of cord red blood cells (RBCs) are needed to ensure a readily available supply of RBCs to treat fetal and neonatal anemia. Cryopreservation is a potential long-term storage strategy for maintaining the quality of cord RBCs for the use in intrauterine and neonatal transfusion. However, during cryopreservation, cells are subjected to damaging osmotic stresses during cryoprotectant addition and removal and freezing and thawing that require knowledge of osmotic tolerance limits in order to optimize the preservation process. The objective of this study was to characterize the osmotic tolerance limits of cord RBCs in conditions relevant to cryopreservation, and compare the results to the osmotic tolerance limits of adult RBCs. Osmotic tolerance limits were determined by exposing RBCs to solutions of different concentrations to induce a range of osmotic volume changes. Three treatment groups of adult and cord RBCs were tested: 1) isotonic saline, 2) 40% w/v glycerol, and 3) frozen-thawed RBCs in 40% w/v glycerol. We show that cord RBCs are more sensitive to shrinkage and swelling than adult RBCs, indicating that osmotic tolerance limits should be considered when adding and removing cryoprotectants. In addition, freezing and thawing resulted in both cord and adult RBCs becoming more sensitive to post-thaw swelling requiring that glycerol removal procedures for both cell types ensure that cell volume excursions are maintained below 1.7 times the isotonic osmotically active volume to attain good post-wash cell recovery. Our results will help inform the development of optimized cryopreservation protocol for cord RBCs.
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  • Zhurova, M., Lusianti, R. E., Higgins, A. Z., & Acker, J. P. (2014). Osmotic tolerance limits of red blood cells from umbilical cord blood. Cryobiology, 69(1), 48-54. doi:10.1016/j.cryobiol.2014.05.001
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  • 69
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  • 1
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  • Funding for this study was provided by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Graduate Fellowship to Mariia Zhurova was provided by the Canadian Blood Services. This work was also supported by funding from the US National Science Foundation (Grant #1150861). We would also like to thank Mary Garrard for performing blood collections. Mary was supported by funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIEHS #P30 ES000210).
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deanne Bruner (deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-12-04T00:13:41Z No. of bitstreams: 1 HigginsAdamChemBioEnvEngOsmoticToleranceLimits.pdf: 500257 bytes, checksum: 8c53f6dd75deb12204f04133094cbd8c (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2014-12-04T00:14:32Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 HigginsAdamChemBioEnvEngOsmoticToleranceLimits.pdf: 500257 bytes, checksum: 8c53f6dd75deb12204f04133094cbd8c (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-08
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deanne Bruner(deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-12-04T00:14:32Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 HigginsAdamChemBioEnvEngOsmoticToleranceLimits.pdf: 500257 bytes, checksum: 8c53f6dd75deb12204f04133094cbd8c (MD5)

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