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Particulate organic matter export by two contrasting small mountainous rivers from the Pacific Northwest, U.S.A. Public Deposited

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  • We investigated the export of particulate organic matter (POM) to the ocean by two contrasting small, mountainous rivers, the Umpqua and Eel Rivers, by collecting suspended sediment samples over a range of discharges and analyzing them for a variety of constituents, including organic carbon, nitrogen, biomarkers with distinct biochemical sources, and isotopic compositions (δ¹³C and Δ¹⁴C). Concentrations of all measured constituents in both rivers increased as a function of discharge, resulting in their export being dominated by short-lived, wintertime high-discharge events. In the Umpqua River, marked compositional contrasts between low- and high-discharge conditions were consistent with a shift in the provenance of POM from biogenic sources dominated by non-vascular plant sources at low flows to contributions from vascular plant sources of moderate ¹⁴C ages (~300 years before present) dominating at high flows. In contrast, POM from the Eel River, which was highly diluted by mineral sediment at all discharges, had significant contributions from petrogenic sources and displayed lower concentrations of recognizable biomarkers. Both rivers had comparable yields of biogenic POM, which appeared to be moderately degraded and originated primarily from surface soils in erosion prone areas of the watersheds. While tectonic/geologic differences help explain the contrasts in sediment and petrogenic POM yields between the two watersheds, ecological factors such as vegetation coverage, productivity, and soil carbon are more important in influencing the composition of biogenic POM mobilized from these systems.
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  • Goñi, M. A., J. A. Hatten, R. A. Wheatcroft, and J. C. Borgeld (2013), Particulate organic matter export by two contrasting small mountainous rivers from the Pacific Northwest, U.S.A., Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 118, 112–134, doi:10.1002/jgrg.20024.
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  • 118
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  • 1
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  • Funding from this work was provided by the National Science Foundation Carbon and Water Program, including grant EAR 0628487 to MAG and RAW and grant EAR 0628490 to JCB.
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-05-28T15:07:53Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 GoniMiguelACEOASParticulateOrganicMatter.pdf: 896114 bytes, checksum: e6b48edd008c78d7e675225f07cf4f10 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013-02-06
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-05-28T15:07:53Z No. of bitstreams: 1 GoniMiguelACEOASParticulateOrganicMatter.pdf: 896114 bytes, checksum: e6b48edd008c78d7e675225f07cf4f10 (MD5)

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