Carbon budget estimation of a subarctic catchment using a dynamic ecosystem model at high spatial resolution Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/jw827g910

This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by the author(s) and published by Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union. The published article can be found at:  http://www.biogeosciences.net/home.html.

For a previous discussion paper please see:  http://hdl.handle.net/1957/56948

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  • A large amount of organic carbon is stored in high-latitude soils. A substantial proportion of this carbon stock is vulnerable and may decompose rapidly due to temperature increases that are already greater than the global average. It is therefore crucial to quantify and understand carbon exchange between the atmosphere and subarctic/arctic ecosystems. In this paper, we combine an Arctic-enabled version of the process-based dynamic ecosystem model, LPJ-GUESS (version LPJG-WHyMe-TFM) with comprehensive observations of terrestrial and aquatic carbon fluxes to simulate long-term carbon exchange in a subarctic catchment at 50 m resolution. Integrating the observed carbon fluxes from aquatic systems with the modeled terrestrial carbon fluxes across the whole catchment, we estimate that the area is a carbon sink at present and will become an even stronger carbon sink by 2080, which is mainly a result of a projected densification of birch forest and its encroachment into tundra heath. However, the magnitudes of the modeled sinks are very dependent on future atmospheric CO₂ concentrations. Furthermore, comparisons of global warming potentials between two simulations with and without CO₂ increase since 1960 reveal that the increased methane emission from the peatland could double the warming effects of the whole catchment by 2080 in the absence of CO₂ fertilization of the vegetation. This is the first process-based model study of the temporal evolution of a catchment-level carbon budget at high spatial resolution, including both terrestrial and aquatic carbon. Though this study also highlights some limitations in modeling subarctic ecosystem responses to climate change, such as aquatic system flux dynamics, nutrient limitation, herbivory and other disturbances, and peatland expansion, our study provides one process-based approach to resolve the complexity of carbon cycling in subarctic ecosystems while simultaneously pointing out the key model developments for capturing complex subarctic processes.
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  • Tang, J., Miller, P. A., Persson, A., Olefeldt, D., Pilesjö, P., Heliasz, M., ... & Christensen, T. R. (2015). Carbon budget estimation of a subarctic catchment using a dynamic ecosystem model at high spatial resolution. Biogeosciences, 12(9), 2791-2808. doi:10.5194/bg-12-2791-2015
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-08-27T17:06:36Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1370 bytes, checksum: cd1af5ab51bcc7a5280cf305303530e9 (MD5) YangZForestEcosystemsSocCarbonBudgetEstimationFinalRevisedPaper.pdf: 2840419 bytes, checksum: 04ac4cce9ccd50f691c5ba098e0f4486 (MD5) YangZForestEcosystemsSocCarbonBudgetEstimationFinalRevisedPaperSupplement.pdf: 81839 bytes, checksum: 174a7f5e9cfcf2b540cf8d92cea4a530 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015
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