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Relationship between lean body mass and serum renal biomarkers in healthy dogs Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/k930bz99p

Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine. This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article can be found at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/%28ISSN%291939-1676

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  • Background: Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is an accurate and precise biomarker for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in humans and cats. Serum creatinine (sCr) also correlates with GFR, but has limitations as a biomarker of renal function because nonrenal factors can influence its concentration. Hypothesis: Differences in lean body mass (LBM) influence sCr, but not serum SDMA concentrations. Animals: Forty-one healthy Beagles, mean age 9.9 years (range: 3.1–14.8 years), were studied over a 6 month period. Methods: Serum biomarkers of renal function were measured prospectively at baseline, and 1, 3, and 6 months. SDMA concentrations were measured by liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy and sCr concentrations by enzymatic colorimetry. Body composition was determined by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Results: LBM (P < .001) and age (P = .006) were significant explanatory variables for sCr concentration (R² = 0.38), but not SDMA concentration. Time on food was the only significant explanatory variable for SDMA concentration (R² = 0.49). SDMA concentrations decreased across time (P < .001). LBM was affected by sex (males > females; P = .02). Mature adult dogs (<8 years) had greater LBM compared with geriatric dogs (≥8 years; P < .001). Conclusion and Clinical Importance: sCr concentrations, but not SDMA concentrations, are influenced by LBM, which limits sCr utility as a biomarker for monitoring renal function in dogs with decreased LBM. Reductions in LBM can lower sCr concentration and overestimate GFR. SDMA concentrations, but not sCr concentrations were influenced by time on food. SDMA could have clinical advantages over sCr in monitoring response to nutritional interventions.
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  • Hall, J. A., Yerramilli, M., Obare, E., Yerramilli, M., Melendez, L. D., & Jewell, D. E. (2015). Relationship between lean body mass and serum renal biomarkers in healthy dogs. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 29(3), 808-814. doi:10.1111/jvim.12607
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  • 29
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  • 3
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  • This work was supported by Pet Nutrition Center, Hill's Pet Nutrition, Inc.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Patricia Black (patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-11-19T14:45:59Z No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1379 bytes, checksum: da3654ba11642cda39be2b66af335aae (MD5) HallJeanVetMedRelationshipBetweenLean.pdf: 409997 bytes, checksum: 3496a8aac58ac48494eef40124c276b7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-11-19T14:46:16Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1379 bytes, checksum: da3654ba11642cda39be2b66af335aae (MD5) HallJeanVetMedRelationshipBetweenLean.pdf: 409997 bytes, checksum: 3496a8aac58ac48494eef40124c276b7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-11-19T14:46:16Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1379 bytes, checksum: da3654ba11642cda39be2b66af335aae (MD5) HallJeanVetMedRelationshipBetweenLean.pdf: 409997 bytes, checksum: 3496a8aac58ac48494eef40124c276b7 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-05

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