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Geologic history of the summit of Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge Public Deposited

https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/kd17cv56d

To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by the American Geophysical Union and can be found at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1525-2027.

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  • Multibeam (1 m resolution) and side scan data collected from an autonomous underwater vehicle, and lava samples, radiocarbon-dated sediment cores, and observations of flow contacts collected by remotely operated vehicle were combined to reconstruct the geologic history and flow emplacement processes on Axial Seamount’s summit and upper rift zones. The maps show 52 post-410 CE lava flows and 20 precaldera lava flows as old as 31.2 kyr, the inferred age of the caldera. Clastic deposits 1–2 m thick accumulated on the rims postcaldera. Between 31 ka and 410 CE, there are no known lava flows near the summit. The oldest postcaldera lava (410 CE) is a pillow cone SE of the caldera. Two flows erupted on the W rim between ~800 and 1000 CE. From 1220 to 1300 CE, generally small eruptions of plagioclase phyric, depleted, mafic lava occurred in the central caldera and on the east rim. Larger post-1400 CE eruptions produced inflated lobate flows of aphyric, less-depleted, and less mafic lava on the upper rift zones and in the N and S caldera. All caldera floor lava flows, and most uppermost rift zone flows, postdate 1220 CE. Activity shifted from the central caldera to the upper S rift outside the caldera, to the N rift and caldera floor, and then to the S caldera and uppermost S rift, where two historical eruptions occurred in 1998 and 2011. The average recurrence interval deduced from the flows erupted over the last 800 years is statistically identical to the 13 year interval between historical eruptions.
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  • Clague, D. A. et al. (2013), Geologic history of the summit of Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 14, 4403–4443. doi:10.1002/ggge.20240.
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  • 14
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  • 10
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  • DAC, JBP, JFM, DWC, HT, and RAP; collection of the AUV multibeam data in 2006–2008 off the R/V Thompson and the R/V Atlantis and in 2009 and 2011 off the R/V Zephyr; postcruise AUV data processing; and ROV dives using Tiburon in 2005 and 2006 and Doc Ricketts in 2009 and 2011 off the R/V Western Flyer were supported by grants to MBARI from the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. A portion of this work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. Final integration of the sample data with the AUV maps was also supported by NSF grants OCE-1061176 to BMD and OCE-1060515 to DAC and PMEL contribution number 3993.
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2014-04-01T19:40:08Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 ChadwickWilliamCEOASGeologicHistorySummit.pdf: 3995339 bytes, checksum: 42614e69e2a938c65bec1fc27443fbd2 (MD5) ChadwickWilliamCEOASGeologicHistorySummit_SupportingInformation.zip: 2256215 bytes, checksum: 49762ded12998a0e4459cbbd7f7a8ce8 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013-10-04
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