Photoluminescence detection of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) binding on diatom frustule biosilica functionalized with an anti-TNT monoclonal antibody fragment Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/kh04dr454

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  • A selective and label-free biosensor for detection of the explosive compound 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in aqueous solution was developed based on the principle of photoluminescence quenching of upon immunocomplex formation with antibody-functionalized diatom frustule biosilica. The diatom frustule is an intricately nanostructured, highly porous biogenic silica material derived from the shells of microscopic algae called diatoms. This material emits strong visible blue photoluminescence (PL) upon UV excitation. PL-active frustule biosilica was isolated from cultured cells of the marine diatom Pinnularia sp. and functionalized with a single chain variable fragment (scFv) derived from an anti-TNT monoclonal antibody. When TNT was bound to the anti-TNT scFv-functionalized diatom frustule biosilica, the PL emission from the biosilica was partially quenched due to the electrophilic nature of the nitro (-NO₂) groups on the TNT molecule. The dose-response curve for immunocomplex formation of TNT on the scFv-functionalized diatom frustule biosilica had a half-saturation binding constant of 6.4±2.4·10⁻⁸ M and statistically-significant measured detection limit of 3.5·10⁻⁸ M. The binding and detection were selective for TNT and TNB (trinitrobenzene) but not RDX (hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine) or 2,6-DNT (2,6-dinitrotoluene).
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  • Zhen, L., Ford, N., Gale, D. K., Roesijadi, G., & Rorrer, G. L. (2016). Photoluminescence detection of 2, 4, 6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) binding on diatom frustule biosilica functionalized with an anti-TNT monoclonal antibody fragment. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 79, 742-748. doi:10.1016/j.bios.2016.01.002
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-03-17T15:40:39Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 ZhenPhotoluminescenceDetection2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene.pdf: 1186345 bytes, checksum: dcf00edf9562d8a3a0541c0e85ed9d2e (MD5) ZhenPhotoluminescenceDetection2,4,6-TrinitrotolueneAppendix A.pdf: 344790 bytes, checksum: 229d20a3755f7144864eff23fdc202d6 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2016-03-17T15:40:39Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 ZhenPhotoluminescenceDetection2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene.pdf: 1186345 bytes, checksum: dcf00edf9562d8a3a0541c0e85ed9d2e (MD5) ZhenPhotoluminescenceDetection2,4,6-TrinitrotolueneAppendix A.pdf: 344790 bytes, checksum: 229d20a3755f7144864eff23fdc202d6 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-05-15
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Patricia Black (patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-03-17T15:40:02Z No. of bitstreams: 2 ZhenPhotoluminescenceDetection2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene.pdf: 1186345 bytes, checksum: dcf00edf9562d8a3a0541c0e85ed9d2e (MD5) ZhenPhotoluminescenceDetection2,4,6-TrinitrotolueneAppendix A.pdf: 344790 bytes, checksum: 229d20a3755f7144864eff23fdc202d6 (MD5)

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