Influence of a Coastal Riverine Plume on the Cross-shelf Variability in Hydrography, Zooplankton, and Juvenile Salmon Diets Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/n870zs67w

To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. This is the publisher’s final pdf. The article is published by Springer and copyrighted by the Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation. It can be found at:  http://link.springer.com/journal/12237

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  • Riverine plumes in nearshore coastal waters are areas of enhanced production and accumulation of prey and may increase availability of food during a critical period of juvenile salmon survival and hence serve as a nursery area for these juveniles. Physical and biological sampling was conducted along a cross-shelf transect through the Columbia River plume during May 1999. Based on cluster analyses of physical variables, stations considered to be within the core of the plume, at 27.8–46.3 km from shore, were distinct from inshore (7.4–18.5 km) and offshore (55.6–92.7 km) stations. Five variables (temperature at 10 m, salinity at 3 and 10 m, silicate, and chlorophyll) accounted for 92 % of this difference. Both surface neuston and subsurface plankton tows revealed differences in plankton composition at the plume core stations compared to non-plume stations. However, stomach contents of juvenile Chinook salmon were not significantly different inside and outside the plume core. Comparison of similarity indices showed that the stomach composition was more similar to the catch composition in the neuston than the meter net. Fishes, decapod larvae, and hyperiid amphipods occurred in greater proportions and copepods and euphausiids in lesser proportions in the stomachs than in the plankton. There appeared to be a distinctive plume signal, evident in both the physical environment and zooplankton resources sampled inside and outside the plume core, but the plume signature was not as evident in the salmon diets, possibly due to their higher mobility and shorter residence time within the plume.
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  • Brodeur, R. D., & Morgan, C. A. (2016). Influence of a Coastal Riverine Plume on the Cross-shelf Variability in Hydrography, Zooplankton, and Juvenile Salmon Diets. Estuaries and Coasts, 39(4), 1182-1198. doi:10.1007/s12237-015-0050-4
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