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Metabolism and Excretion Rates of Parent and Hydroxy-PAHs in Urine Collected after Consumption of Traditionally Smoked Salmon for Native American Volunteers Public Deposited

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  • Few studies have been published on the excretion rates of parent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and hydroxy-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) following oral exposure. This study investigated metabolism and excretion rates of 4 parent PAHs and 10 OH-PAHs after the consumption of smoked salmon. Nine members of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation consumed 50 g of traditionally smoked salmon with breakfast and five urine samples were collected during the following 24 hours. The concentrations of OH-PAHs increased from 43.9 µg/g creatinine for 2-OH-Nap to 349 ng/g creatinine for 1-OH-Pyr, 3 to 6 hr post-consumption. Despite volunteers following a restricted diet, there appeared to be a secondary source of naphthalene and fluorene, which led to excretion efficiencies greater than 100%. For the parent PAHs that were detected in urine, the excretion efficiencies ranged from 13% for phenanthrene (and its metabolite) to 240% for naphthalene (and its metabolites). The half-lives for PAHs ranged from 1.4 hr for retene to 3.3 hr for pyrene. The half-lives for OH-PAHs were higher and ranged from 1.7 hr for 9-OH-fluorene to 7.0 hr for 3-OH-fluorene. The concentrations of most parent PAHs, and their metabolites, returned to the background levels 24 hr post-consumption.
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  • Motorykin, O., Santiago-Delgado, L., Rohlman, D., Schrlau, J. E., Harper, B., Harris, S., ... & Simonich, S. L. M. (2015). Metabolism and excretion rates of parent and hydroxy-PAHs in urine collected after consumption of traditionally smoked salmon for Native American volunteers. Science of The Total Environment, 514, 170-177. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.01.083
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  • 514
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  • This publication was made possible in part by grant number P30ES00210 from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), NIH and NIEHS Grant P42 ES016465.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deanne Bruner (deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-10-10T00:13:24Z No. of bitstreams: 2 SimonichStaciEnvironmentalMolecularToxicologyMetabolismExcretionRates.pdf: 1437507 bytes, checksum: 1697b9f7072247ebe2b644f42972dd56 (MD5) SimonichStaciEnvironmentalMolecularToxicologyMetabolismExcretionRates(SupportingInformation).pdf: 1656035 bytes, checksum: 2d3d0229c7cc6830f3a7b1dea268e6fc (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-10-10T00:15:01Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 SimonichStaciEnvironmentalMolecularToxicologyMetabolismExcretionRates.pdf: 1437507 bytes, checksum: 1697b9f7072247ebe2b644f42972dd56 (MD5) SimonichStaciEnvironmentalMolecularToxicologyMetabolismExcretionRates(SupportingInformation).pdf: 1656035 bytes, checksum: 2d3d0229c7cc6830f3a7b1dea268e6fc (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-05
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deanne Bruner(deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-10-10T00:15:01Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 SimonichStaciEnvironmentalMolecularToxicologyMetabolismExcretionRates.pdf: 1437507 bytes, checksum: 1697b9f7072247ebe2b644f42972dd56 (MD5) SimonichStaciEnvironmentalMolecularToxicologyMetabolismExcretionRates(SupportingInformation).pdf: 1656035 bytes, checksum: 2d3d0229c7cc6830f3a7b1dea268e6fc (MD5)

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