Optimized production of Serratia marcescens B742 mutants for preparing chitin from shrimp shells powders Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/nk322g094

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  • To improve the deproteinization (DP) efficacy of shrimp shell powders (SSP) for preparing chitin, Serratia marcescens B742 mutants were prepared using 2% diethyl sulfate (DES), UV-irradiation, and/or microwave heating treatments. Both single-stage and multi-stage mutations were investigated for optimizing S. marcescens B742 mutation conditions. Under the optimized mutation conditions (2% DES treatment for 30 min plus successive 20 min UV-irradiation), the protease and chitosanase activity produced by mutant S. marcescens B742 was 240.15 and 170.6 mU/mL, respectively, as compared with 212.58 ± 1.51 and 83.75 ± 6.51 mU/mL, respectively, by wild S. marcescens B742. DP efficacy of SSP by mutant S. marcescens B742 reached 91.4 ± 4.6% after 3 d of submerged fermentation instead of 83.4 ± 4.7% from the wild S. marcescens B742 after 4 d of submerged fermentation. Molecular mass of chitosanase and protease was 41.20 and 47.10 kDa, respectively, and both enzymes were verified by mass spectrometry analysis. The chitosanase from both wild and mutant S. marcescens B742 was activated by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), Tween 20, Tween 40, and Triton-100, and the protease and chitosanase were strongly inhibited by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). These results suggested that S. marcescens B742 mutants can be used in the biological production of chitin through deproteinization of SSP.
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  • Zhang, H., Fang, J., Deng, Y., & Zhao, Y. (2014). Optimized Production of Serratia marcescens B742 mutants for Preparing Chitin from Shrimp Shells Powders. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 69, 319-328. doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2014.05.058
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