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H. pylori virulence factor CagA increases intestinal cell proliferation by Wnt pathway activation in a transgenic zebrafish model Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/nz806108v

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  • Infection with Helicobacter pylori is a major risk factor for the development of gastric cancer, and infection with strains carrying the virulence factor CagA significantly increases this risk. To investigate the mechanisms by which CagA promotes carcinogenesis, we generated transgenic zebrafish expressing CagA ubiquitously or in the anterior intestine. Transgenic zebrafish expressing either the wild-type or a phosphorylation-resistant form of CagA exhibited significantly increased rates of intestinal epithelial cell proliferation and showed significant upregulation of the Wnt target genes cyclinD1, axin2 and the zebrafish c-myc ortholog myca. Coexpression of CagA with a loss-of-function allele encoding the beta-catenin destruction complex protein Axin1 resulted in a further increase in intestinal proliferation. Coexpression of CagA with a null allele of the key beta-catenin transcriptional cofactor Tcf4 restored intestinal proliferation to wild-type levels. These results provide in vivo evidence of Wnt pathway activation by CagA downstream of or in parallel to the beta-catenin destruction complex and upstream of Tcf4. Long-term transgenic expression of wild-type CagA, but not the phosphorylation-resistant form, resulted in significant hyperplasia of the adult intestinal epithelium. We further utilized this model to demonstrate that oncogenic cooperation between CagA and a loss-of-function allele of p53 is sufficient to induce high rates of intestinal small cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma, establishing the utility of our transgenic zebrafish model in the study of CagA-associated gastrointestinal cancers.
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  • Neal, J. T., Peterson, T. S., Kent, M. L., & Guillemin, K. (2013). H. pylori virulence factor CagA increases intestinal cell proliferation by wnt pathway activation in a transgenic zebrafish model. Disease Models & Mechanisms, 6(3), 802-810. doi:10.1242/dmm.011163
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  • 6
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  • 3
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  • This research was supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) [grant number 1R01DK075667 to K.G.] and a Burroughs Wellcome Fund Investigator in the Pathogenesis of Infectious Disease Award (to K.G.). The NIH [grant number HD22486] provided support for the Oregon Zebrafish Facility.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-07-15T17:51:22Z No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5) PetersonTracySMicrobiologyHPyloriVirulence.pdf: 2380694 bytes, checksum: aa0bd89c5ff4eecf786bef59cdad64af (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-07-15T17:51:46Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5) PetersonTracySMicrobiologyHPyloriVirulence.pdf: 2380694 bytes, checksum: aa0bd89c5ff4eecf786bef59cdad64af (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-07-15T17:51:46Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5) PetersonTracySMicrobiologyHPyloriVirulence.pdf: 2380694 bytes, checksum: aa0bd89c5ff4eecf786bef59cdad64af (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013-05

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