Risk Behaviors and Self-Reported Illnesses Among Pacific Northwest Surfers Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/pk02cc476

This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by IWA Publishing and can be found at:  http://jwh.iwaponline.com/content/13/1/230

©IWA Publishing 2015. The definitive peer-reviewed and edited version of this article is published in the Journal of Water and Health, volume 13 issue 1, pages 230-242, 2015, DOI:10.2166/wh.2014.231 and is available at  www.iwapublishing.com.

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  • Although surfers have high incidental exposure to marine waters, no studies have investigated if surfer risk behaviors (such as surfing during advisories, near an outfall, during a rain event, or use of personal protective equipment) increase or decrease the risk of acquiring waterborne illnesses. We used a web-based survey to assess the association between risk-based behaviors with self-reported illnesses among Pacific Northwest surfers. Commonly reported illnesses include: ear infection or discharge (38%), sore throat or a cough (28%), diarrhea (16%), fever (10.5%) and vomiting (7%). Surfing often during rain events was associated with an increased likelihood of diarrhea (OR=2.7; 95% Cl: 1.4-5.47), sore throat (OR=1.26; 95% Cl:1.01-2.05), and ear infection (OR=1.39; 95% Cl: 1.01-2.32). Surfing during a health advisory was associated with increased likelihood of diarrhea (OR = 1.94; 95% CI: 1.03-4.64) and sore throat (OR = 2.32; 95% CI: 1.23-4.40). Other behaviors associated with increased illnesses include body surfing, surfing near an outfall, frequency of surfing and use of ear plugs. Approximately 40% of surfers were unaware if they had surfed during an active health advisory and 29% knowingly surfed during advisories, suggesting the need to engage this population about potential harm and behaviors that may increase health risk.
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  • Harding, A. K., Stone, D. L., Cardenas, A., & Lesser, V. (2015). Risk behaviors and self-reported illnesses among Pacific Northwest surfers. Journal of Water and Health, 13(1), 230-242. doi:10.2166/wh.2014.231
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-12-04T01:21:52Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 HardingAnnaPublicHealthHumanSciencesRiskBehaviorsSelfReportedIllnesses.pdf: 566549 bytes, checksum: 62f374f0a607d9092885ab97e48a3d4d (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-03
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deanne Bruner(deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-12-04T01:21:52Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 HardingAnnaPublicHealthHumanSciencesRiskBehaviorsSelfReportedIllnesses.pdf: 566549 bytes, checksum: 62f374f0a607d9092885ab97e48a3d4d (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deanne Bruner (deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-12-04T01:20:54Z No. of bitstreams: 1 HardingAnnaPublicHealthHumanSciencesRiskBehaviorsSelfReportedIllnesses.pdf: 566549 bytes, checksum: 62f374f0a607d9092885ab97e48a3d4d (MD5)

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