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Carbonate-hosted methanotrophy represents an unrecognized methane sink in the deep sea Public Deposited

https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/pr76f486d

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  • The atmospheric flux of methane from the oceans is largely mitigated through microbially mediated sulphate-coupled methane oxidation, resulting in the precipitation of authigenic carbonates. Deep-sea carbonates are common around active and palaeo-methane seepage, and have primarily been viewed as passive recorders of methane oxidation; their role as active and unique microbial habitats capable of continued methane consumption has not been examined. Here we show that seep-associated carbonates harbour active microbial communities, serving as dynamic methane sinks. Microbial aggregate abundance within the carbonate interior exceeds that of seep sediments, and molecular diversity surveys reveal methanotrophic communities within protolithic nodules and well-lithified carbonate pavements. Aggregations of microbial cells within the carbonate matrix actively oxidize methane as indicated by stable isotope FISH–nanoSIMS experiments and ¹⁴CH₄ radiotracer rate measurements. Carbonate-hosted methanotrophy extends the known ecological niche of these important methane consumers and represents a previously unrecognized methane sink that warrants consideration in global methane budgets.
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  • Marlow, J. J., Steele, J. A., Ziebis, W., Thurber, A. R., Levin, L. A., & Orphan, V. J. (2014). Carbonate-hosted methanotrophy represents an unrecognized methane sink in the deep sea. Nature Communications, 5, 5094. doi:10.1038/ncomms6094
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  • 5
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  • This study was funded by grants from the National Science Foundation (OCE-0825791 and OCE-0939559), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Astrobiology Institute (award #NNA04CC06A and #NNA13AA92A) and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Marine Microbiology Initiative Grant #3780, to V.J.O. J.J.M. was partially supported by a National Energy Technology Laboratory Methane Hydrate Research Fellowship funded by the National Research Council of the National Academies.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-03-18T22:41:55Z No. of bitstreams: 2 ThurberAndrewCEOASCarbonate-HostedMethanotrophy.pdf: 906169 bytes, checksum: 76e368e64c184a29402b15f29464aa66 (MD5) ThurberAndrewCEOASCarbonate-HostedMethanotrophy_SupportingInformation.zip: 1124973 bytes, checksum: 3bd22f11a1bea3fe63464ea7b6f945dd (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-03-18T22:42:23Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 ThurberAndrewCEOASCarbonate-HostedMethanotrophy.pdf: 906169 bytes, checksum: 76e368e64c184a29402b15f29464aa66 (MD5) ThurberAndrewCEOASCarbonate-HostedMethanotrophy_SupportingInformation.zip: 1124973 bytes, checksum: 3bd22f11a1bea3fe63464ea7b6f945dd (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-10-14
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Erin Clark(erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-03-18T22:42:23Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 ThurberAndrewCEOASCarbonate-HostedMethanotrophy.pdf: 906169 bytes, checksum: 76e368e64c184a29402b15f29464aa66 (MD5) ThurberAndrewCEOASCarbonate-HostedMethanotrophy_SupportingInformation.zip: 1124973 bytes, checksum: 3bd22f11a1bea3fe63464ea7b6f945dd (MD5)

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