To document the environmental stewardship practices (decisions and actions
regarding use and disposal) of pet and human pharmaceuticals and
personal care products (PPCPs) among pet-owning veterinary-care professionals
(practicing veterinarians, veterinary students, and veterinary technicians
and trainees) and environmental educators.
Internet-based cross-sectional survey.
191 pet owners (103 veterinary-care professionals and 88 environmental
Study participants were recruited by means of a 2-part internet survey distributed
to veterinary-care professional and environmental educator networks
of individuals residing in Washington state, Oregon, and southern
California. Survey questions addressed motivators for environmental stewardship
practices (ie, decisions and actions regarding use and disposal of pet
and human PPCPs).
Data were collected from 191 respondents; the response rate for individuals
who self-selected to opt in was 78% (191/246). Of the 191 respondents,
42 (22%) stored pet pharmaceuticals indefinitely. The most common disposal
method was the garbage (88/191 [46%]). Veterinary-care professionals
counseled clients infrequently regarding environmental stewardship
practices for PPCPs. Fifty-five percent (105/191) of all respondents preferred
more environmentally friendly and clinically effective PPCPs.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE
Results of the present survey emphasized the urgent need for improved
educational resources to minimize environmental contamination from improper
disposal of PPCPs. Environmental and economic motivations among
pet owners in the veterinary-care and education professions indicate further
opportunities for outreach and institutional support.
- Lam, Jennifer; Chan S. Samuel; Conway, Flaxen D.L,; Stone, David. 2018. Environmental stewardship practices of veterinary professionals and educators related to use and disposal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Volume 252, No. 5, March 1, 2018. doi.org/10.2460/javma.252.5.596