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Spatial Ecological Processes and Local Factors Predict the Distribution and Abundance of Spawning by Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) across a Complex Riverscape Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/qn59q5658

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  • Processes that influence habitat selection in landscapes involve the interaction of habitat composition and configuration and are particularly important for species with complex life cycles. We assessed the relative influence of landscape spatial processes and local habitat characteristics on patterns in the distribution and abundance of spawning steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss), a threatened salmonid fish, across ~15,000 stream km in the John Day River basin, Oregon, USA. We used hurdle regression and a multi-model information theoretic approach to identify the relative importance of covariates representing key aspects of the steelhead life cycle (e.g., site access, spawning habitat quality, juvenile survival) at two spatial scales: within 2-km long survey reaches (local sites) and ecological neighborhoods (5 km) surrounding the local sites. Based on Akaike’s Information Criterion, models that included covariates describing ecological neighborhoods provided the best description of the distribution and abundance of steelhead spawning given the data. Among these covariates, our representation of offspring survival (growing-season-degree-days, °C) had the strongest effect size (7x) relative to other predictors. Predictive performances of model-averaged composite and neighborhood-only models were better than a site-only model based on both occurrence (percentage of sites correctly classified = 0.80 ± 0.03 SD, 0.78 ± 0.02 vs. 0.62 ± 0.05, respectively) and counts (root mean square error = 3.37, 3.93 vs. 5.57, respectively). The importance of both temperature and stream flow for steelhead spawning suggest this species may be highly sensitive to impacts of land and water uses, and to projected climate impacts in the region and that landscape context, complementation, and connectivity will drive how this species responds to future environments.
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  • Falke JA, Dunham JB, Jordan CE, McNyset KM, Reeves GH (2013) Spatial Ecological Processes and Local Factors Predict the Distribution and Abundance of Spawning by Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) across a Complex Riverscape. PLoS ONE 8(11): e79232. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079232
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  • 8
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  • 11
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  • J. A. Falke and K. M. McNyset were supported by funds from the National Research Council and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act through the USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Laboratory. J. B. Dunham and G. H. Reeves were supported in part by a collaborative research agreement between U.S. Geological Survey, National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center, and USDA Forest Service.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-04-01T21:29:55Z No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1089 bytes, checksum: 0a703d871bf062c5fdc7850b1496693b (MD5) FalkeJeffreyFisheriesWildlifeSpatialEcologicalProcesses.pdf: 767959 bytes, checksum: c388b60e51838c571dec7bd1a26664b7 (MD5) FalkeJeffreyFisheriesWildlifeSpatialEcologicalProcessesSupportingInformation.zip: 115567 bytes, checksum: 6010871cc9d68512f66068ea54e3f6aa (MD5)
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