Sandy beach surf zones: An alternative nursery habitat for 0-age Chinook salmon Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/qz20sv16w

This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by Elsevier and can be found at:  http://www.journals.elsevier.com/estuarine-coastal-and-shelf-science/.

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  • The role of each habitat fish use is of great importance to the dynamics of populations. During their early marine residence, Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), an anadromous fish species, mostly inhabit estuaries but also use sandy beach surf zones and the coastal ocean. However, the role of surf zones in the early life history of Chinook salmon is unclear. We hypothesized that surf zones serve as an alternative nursery habitat, defined as a habitat that consistently provides a proportion of a population with foraging and growth rates similar to those experienced in the primary nursery. First, we confirmed that juvenile Chinook salmon cohorts are simultaneously using both habitats by combining field collections with otolith chemical and structural analysis to directly compare size and migration patterns of juveniles collected in two Oregon (USA) estuaries and surf zones during three years. We then compared juvenile catch, diet and growth in estuaries and surf zones. Juveniles were consistently caught in both habitats throughout summer. Catches were significantly higher in estuaries (average ± SD = 34.3 ± 19.7 ind. 100 m⁻²) than surf zones (1.0 ± 1.5 ind. 100 m⁻²) and were positively correlated (r = 0.92). Size at capture (103 ± 15 mm fork length, FL), size at marine entry (76 ± 13 mm FL), stomach fullness (2 ± 2% body weight) and growth rates (0.4 ± 0.0 mm day⁻¹) were similar between habitats. Our results suggest that when large numbers of 0-age Chinook salmon inhabit estuaries, juveniles concurrently use surf zones, which serve as an alternative nursery habitat. Therefore, surf zones expand the available rearing habitat for Chinook salmon during early marine residence, a critical period in the life history.
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  • Marin Jarrin, J. R., & Miller, J. A. (2013). Sandy beach surf zones: An alternative nursery habitat for 0-age Chinook salmon. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 135, 220-230. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2013.10.014
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2014-04-02T22:26:41Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 MarinJarrinJRFishriesWildlifeSandyBeachSurf.pdf: 585560 bytes, checksum: 02f2c3d6b75dfee75028968d25ea88af (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013-12-20
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