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Physiological predictors of long-term survival in juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/rv042v643

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  • This study builds on a continued effort to document potential long-term research impacts on the individual, as well as to identify potential markers of survival for use in a field framework. The Transient Juvenile Steller sea lion (TJ) project was developed as a novel framework to gain access to wild individuals. We used three analyses to evaluate and predict long-term survival in temporarily captive sea lions (n = 45) through Cormack–Jolly–Seber open population modelling techniques. The first analysis investigated survival in relation to the observed responses to handling stress through changes in six principal blood parameters over the duration of captivity. The second analysis evaluated survival compared with body condition and mass at entry and exit from captivity. Finally, the third analysis sought to evaluate the efficacy of single-point sampling to project similar survival trends for use in field sampling operations. Results from a priori models ranked through Akaike information criterion model selection methods indicated that mass gains (4.2 ± 12%) over captivity and increases in leucocytes (WBC, 1.01 ± 3.54 × 10³/mm³) resulted in a higher average survival rate (>3 years). Minor support was identified for the single-point measures of exit mass and entry WBC. A higher exit mass predicted a higher survival rate, whereas a higher WBC predicted a lower survival rate. While changes in mass and WBC appear to be the best predictors of survival when measured as a change over time, single-point sampling may still be an effective way to improve estimates of population health.
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  • Shuert, C., Mellish, J., & Horning, M. (2015). Physiological predictors of long-term survival in juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Conservation Physiology, 3, cov043. doi:10.1093/conphys/cov043
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  • 3
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  • This work was supported by funding provided by the Alaska SeaLife Center, the National Marine Fisheries Service, the North Pacific Research Board, the Pollock Conservation Cooperative Research Center, and the School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-06-29T17:52:56Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1370 bytes, checksum: cd1af5ab51bcc7a5280cf305303530e9 (MD5) ShuertPhysiologicalPredictorsLongTerm.pdf: 580741 bytes, checksum: 9a33ba9dc770204e754dedfb1cfb6e1c (MD5)
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