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Cell Biology of Cnidarian-Dinoflagellate Symbiosis Public Deposited

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  • The symbiosis between cnidarians (e.g., corals or sea anemones) and intracellular dinoflagellate algae of the genus Symbiodinium is of immense ecological importance. In particular, this symbiosis promotes the growth and survival of reef corals in nutrient-poor tropical waters; indeed, coral reefs could not exist without this symbiosis. However, our fundamental understanding of the cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbiosis and of its links to coral calcification remains poor. Here we review what we currently know about the cell biology of cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbiosis. In doing so, we aim to refocus attention on fundamental cellular aspects that have been somewhat neglected since the early to mid-1980s, when a more ecological approach began to dominate. We review the four major processes that we believe underlie the various phases of establishment and persistence in the cnidarian/coral-dinoflagellate symbiosis: (i) recognition and phagocytosis, (ii) regulation of host-symbiont biomass, (iii) metabolic exchange and nutrient trafficking, and (iv) calcification. Where appropriate, we draw upon examples from a range of cnidarian-alga symbioses, including the symbiosis between green Hydra and its intracellular chlorophyte symbiont, which has considerable potential to inform our understanding of the cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbiosis. Ultimately, we provide a comprehensive overview of the history of the field, its current status, and where it should be going in the future.
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  • Davy, S. K., Allemand, D., & Weis, V. M. (2012). Cell biology of cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbiosis. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews : MMBR, 76(2), 229-261. doi: 10.1128/MMBR.05014-11
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  • 76
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  • 2
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-08-08T18:11:58Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 WeisVirginiaMZoologyCellBiologyCnidarian.pdf: 2211854 bytes, checksum: 548b8e112f3fafd134cac018c653647f (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-08-08T18:09:43Z No. of bitstreams: 1 WeisVirginiaMZoologyCellBiologyCnidarian.pdf: 2211854 bytes, checksum: 548b8e112f3fafd134cac018c653647f (MD5)

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