Exploring the fossil history of pleurocarpous mosses: Tricostaceae fam. nov. from the Cretaceous of Vancouver Island, Canada Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/sx61dp093

This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by the Botanical Society of America and can be found at:  http://www.amjbot.org/content/102/11/1883

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  • PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Mosses, very diverse in modern ecosystems, are currently underrepresented in the fossil record. For the pre-Cenozoic, fossil mosses are known almost exclusively from compression fossils, while anatomical preservation, which is much more taxonomically informative, is rare. The Lower Cretaceous of Vancouver Island (British Columbia, Canada) hosts a diverse anatomically preserved flora at Apple Bay. While the vascular plant component of the Apple Bay flora has received much attention, the numerous bryophytes identified at the locality have yet to be characterized. METHODS: Fossil moss gametophytes in more than 20 carbonate concretions collected from the Apple Bay locality on Vancouver Island were studied in serial sections prepared using the cellulose acetate peel technique. KEY RESULTS: We describe Tricosta plicata gen. et sp. nov., a pleurocarpous moss with much-branched gametophytes, tricostate plicate leaves, rhizoid-bearing bases, and delicate gametangia (antheridia and archegonia) borne on specialized branches. A new family of hypnanaean mosses, Tricostaceae fam. nov., is recognized based on the novel combination of characters of T. plicata. CONCLUSIONS: Tricosta plicata reveals pleurocarpous moss diversity unaccounted for in extant floras. This new moss adds the first bryophyte component to an already diverse assemblage of vascular plants described from the Early Cretaceous at Apple Bay and, as the oldest representative of the Hypnanae, provides a hard minimum age for the group (136 Ma).
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  • Shelton, G. W., Stockey, R. A., Rothwell, G. W., & Tomescu, A. M. F. (2015). Exploring the fossil history of pleurocarpous mosses: Tricostaceae fam. nov. from the Cretaceous of Vancouver Island, Canada. American Journal of Botany, 102(11), 1883-1900. doi:10.3732/ajb.1500360
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deanne Bruner (deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-07-05T18:52:38Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SheltonExploringFossilHistoryPleurocarpousMmosses.pdf: 1358548 bytes, checksum: 7e545de153d8c58305f51c42d923bc6e (MD5)
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