Pseudomonas protegens Pf-5 Causes Discoloration and Pitting of Mushroom Caps Due to the Production of Antifungal Metabolites Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/th83m1169

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  • Bacteria in the diverse Pseudomonas fluorescens group include rhizosphere inhabitants known for their antifungal metabolite production and biological control of plant disease, such as Pseudomonas protegens Pf-5, and mushroom pathogens, such as Pseudomonas tolaasii. Here, we report that strain Pf-5 causes brown, sunken lesions on peeled caps of the button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) that resemble brown blotch symptoms caused by P. tolaasii. Strain Pf-5 produces six known antifungal metabolites under the control of the GacS/GacA signal transduction system. A gacA mutant produces none of these metabolites and did not cause lesions on mushroom caps. Mutants deficient in the biosynthesis of the antifungal metabolites 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol and pyoluteorin caused less-severe symptoms than wild-type Pf-5 on peeled mushroom caps, whereas mutants deficient in the production of lipopeptide orfamide A caused similar symptoms to wild-type Pf-5. Purified pyoluteorin and 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol mimicked the symptoms caused by Pf-5. Both compounds were isolated from mushroom tissue inoculated with Pf-5, providing direct evidence for their in situ production by the bacterium. Although the lipopeptide tolaasin is responsible for brown blotch of mushroom caused by P. tolaasii, P. protegens Pf-5 caused brown blotch-like symptoms on peeled mushroom caps through a lipopeptide-independent mechanism involving the production of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol and pyoluteorin.
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  • Henkels, M. D., Kidarsa, T. A., Shaffer, B. T., Goebel, N. C., Burlinson, P., Mavrodi, D. V., ... & Loper, J. E. (2014). Pseudomonas protegens Pf-5 Causes Discoloration and Pitting of Mushroom Caps Due to the Production of Antifungal Metabolites. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 27(7), 733-746. doi:10.1094/MPMI-10-13-0311-R
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-07-15T19:51:29Z No. of bitstreams: 1 HenkelsMarcellaBotanyPlantPathologyPseudomonasProtegensPf-5.pdf: 4176803 bytes, checksum: 26e6bb83aae43bdd3de8c5b9059360c0 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Erin Clark(erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-07-15T19:51:40Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 HenkelsMarcellaBotanyPlantPathologyPseudomonasProtegensPf-5.pdf: 4176803 bytes, checksum: 26e6bb83aae43bdd3de8c5b9059360c0 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2014-07-15T19:51:40Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 HenkelsMarcellaBotanyPlantPathologyPseudomonasProtegensPf-5.pdf: 4176803 bytes, checksum: 26e6bb83aae43bdd3de8c5b9059360c0 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-07

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