Photoacclimation of natural phytoplankton communities Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/v405sc28r

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  • Phytoplankton regulate internal pigment concentrations in response to light and nutrient availability. Chlorophyll a to phytoplankton carbon ratios (chl:Cₚₕyₜₒ) are commonly reported as a function of growth irradiance (Eg) for evaluating the photoacclimation response of phytoplankton. In contrast to most culture experiments, natural phytoplankton communities experience fluctuating environmental conditions, making it difficult to compare field and lab observations. Observing and understanding photoacclimation in nature is important for deciphering changes in chl:Cₚₕyₜₒ resulting from environmental forcings and for accurately estimating net primary production (NPP) in models which rely on a parameterized description of photoacclimation. Here we employ direct analytical measurements of Cₚₕyₜₒ and parallel high-resolution biomass estimates from particulate backscattering (bbₚ) and flow cytometry to investigate chl:Cₚₕyₜₒ in natural phytoplankton communities. Chl:Cₚₕyₜₒ observed over a wide range of Eg in the field was consistent with photoacclimation responses inferred from satellite observations. Field-based photoacclimation observations for a mixed natural community contrast with laboratory results for single species grown in continuous light and nutrient-replete conditions. Applying a carbon-based NPP model to our field data for a north−south transect in the Atlantic Ocean results in estimates that closely match ¹⁴C depth-integrated NPP for the same cruise and with historical records for the distinct biogeographic regions of the Atlantic Ocean. Our results are consistent with previous satellite and model observations of cells growing in natural or fluctuating light and showcase how direct measurements of Cₚₕyₜₒ can be applied to explore phytoplankton photophysiology, growth rates, and production at high spatial resolution in situ.
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  • Graff, J. R., Westberry, T. K., Milligan, A. J., Brown, M. B., Olmo, G. D., Reifel, K. M., & Behrenfeld, M. J. (2016). Photoacclimation of natural phytoplankton communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 542, 51-62. doi:10.3354/meps11539
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2016-08-12T16:17:16Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2krauserp1706463984.zip: 901437 bytes, checksum: 2ea08474739d356ae4d2545382928d76 (MD5)GraffPhotoacclimationNaturalPhytoplanton.pdf: 1317208 bytes, checksum: 41104c758e3111e26f904b49b7b68ab1 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-01-19
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-08-12T16:17:16Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2krauserp1706463984.zip: 901437 bytes, checksum: 2ea08474739d356ae4d2545382928d76 (MD5)GraffPhotoacclimationNaturalPhytoplanton.pdf: 1317208 bytes, checksum: 41104c758e3111e26f904b49b7b68ab1 (MD5)

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