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The sustainability of timber production from Eastern Amazonian forests Public Deposited

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  • Although the regulations are imperfectly enforced, logging firms in the Brazilian Amazon are subject to forest management regulations intended to reduce environmental damage and protect future forest productivity. Additionally, voluntary best practices firms adopt to achieve environmental performance that exceed regulatory requirements are largely limited to reduced impact logging (RIL) systems that reduce harvest damage relative to conventional logging systems used by a large majority of firms in the region. Existing regulations combined with best practices may not be adequate to ensure sustained yields. This inadequacy is an important issue as Brazil implements an ambitious program of forest concessions on public lands. We analyze the profitability and environmental outcomes of best logging practices and proposed sustainability requirements. We propose two operational definitions of sustainability (the first focusing on sustaining stand-level timber volumes and the other focusing on sustaining species-level volumes within the stand) based on sustaining timber inventories across cutting cycles rather than on sustaining overall harvest yields. RIL is shown to be profitable for loggers and increase the timber available for future harvests. While volume predicted to be available for the second and third harvests are significantly lower than the available timber in the unlogged forest, the second and third harvests are projected to be profitable and have the potential for sustainability despite high opportunity costs. However, as harvesting is repeated into the future, results show the composition of the harvest shifts from higher-value shade-tolerant and emergent species toward a greater reliance on longer-lived, lower-value pioneer species. This shift may create pressure to expand the forest base under management in order to continue to supply high-value species or increase the risk of timber trespass in conservation units and areas under community or indigenous management.
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  • Macpherson, A., Carter, D., Schulze, M., Vidal, E., & Lentini, M. (2012). The sustainability of timber production from eastern amazonian forests. Land Use Policy, 29(2), 339-350. doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2011.07.004
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  • This publication was possible due to support from the U.S. General Administration Office through the Latin America and Caribbean Department of the U.S. Agency for International Development under the terms of the International Cooperation Agreement no. 512-A-00-03-00026-00, the Working Forests in the Tropics Program at the University of Florida through a National Science Foundation Integrated Graduate Education and Research Traineeship grant (DGE-0221599), the Milton and Miriam Handler Foundation, and the Amazon Conservation Leadership Initiative.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-01-07T21:35:08Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SchulzeMarkDForestEcosystemsSocietySustainabilityTimberProduction.pdf: 456370 bytes, checksum: 21890782f7fae157c161b777beff7957 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-01-07T22:01:04Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 SchulzeMarkDForestEcosystemsSocietySustainabilityTimberProduction.pdf: 456370 bytes, checksum: 21890782f7fae157c161b777beff7957 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-01-07T22:01:04Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 SchulzeMarkDForestEcosystemsSocietySustainabilityTimberProduction.pdf: 456370 bytes, checksum: 21890782f7fae157c161b777beff7957 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2012-04

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