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Teleseismic body wave analysis of the 1988 Armenian earthquake Public Deposited

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  • Long‐period and broadband body waves from 14 digital seismic stations are used to investigate the rupture process of the December 7, 1988 earthquake near Spitak, Armenia, USSR. The inversion of these data gives the following centroidal source parameters: strike 299°, dip 64°, rake 151°, depth 6.3 km and seismic moment 1.5×10¹⁹ Nm, indicating that on average the earthquake had a strike‐slip mechanism with a substantial reverse component. The broadband waveforms, however, show significant complexity; they are best fit with a source model that includes three sub‐events, very similar in size, but with distinct focal mechanisms and locations. Rupture apparently initiated as a shallow reverse fault at a point of maximum bending on a right‐lateral strike‐slip fault, and then extended bilaterally, first towards the southeast and then towards the west. This interpretation agrees with the aftershock distribution and fault lineations observed on LANDSAT images.
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  • Pacheco, J. F., Estabrook, C. H., Simpson, D. W., & Nabelek, J. L. (1989). Teleseismic body wave analysis of the 1988 Armenian earthquake. Geophysical Research Letters, 16(12), 1425-1428.
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  • 16
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  • Department ofEnergy grant DE-FG02-ER13221D. National Science Foundation grants EAR-8896187 and EAR87-07719.U.S. Geological Survey grant USGS 14-08-0001-G1365.L-DGO contribution 4543.
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