THE MATERHORN: Unraveling the Intricacies of Mountain Weather Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/xs55md743

To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by American Meteorological Society and can be found at:  http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00131.1

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  • Emerging application areas such as air pollution in megacities, wind energy, urban security, and operation of unmanned aerial vehicles have intensified scientific and societal interest in mountain meteorology. To address scientific needs and help improve the prediction of mountain weather, the U.S. Department of Defense has funded a research effort—the Mountain Terrain Atmospheric Modeling and Observations (MATERHORN) Program—that draws the expertise of a multidisciplinary, multi-institutional, and multinational group of researchers. The program has four principal thrusts, encompassing modeling, experimental, technology, and parameterization components, directed at diagnosing model deficiencies and critical knowledge gaps, conducting experimental studies, and developing tools for model improvements. The access to the Granite Mountain Atmospheric Sciences Testbed of the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground, as well as to a suite of conventional and novel high-end airborne and surface measurement platforms, has provided an unprecedented opportunity to investigate phenomena of time scales from a few seconds to a few days, covering spatial extents of tens of kilometers down to millimeters. This article provides an overview of the MATERHORN and a glimpse at its initial findings. Orographic forcing creates a multitude of time-dependent submesoscale phenomena that contribute to the variability of mountain weather at mesoscale. The nexus of predictions by mesoscale model ensembles and observations are described, identifying opportunities for further improvements in mountain weather forecasting.
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  • Fernando, H. J. S., Pardyjak, E. R., Di Sabatino, S., Chow, F. K., De Wekker, S. F. J., Hoch, S. W., ... & Zsedrovits, T. (2015). The MATERHORN: Unraveling the intricacies of mountain weather. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96(11), 1945–1967. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00131.1
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Patricia Black (patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-01-15T18:24:54Z No. of bitstreams: 2 HigginsCBioEcoEnginMATERHORNUnfravelingIntricacies.pdf: 3703238 bytes, checksum: 81b494c60b0bd57bd2c2a5805a802fec (MD5) HigginsCBioEcoEnginMATERHORNUnfravelingIntricacies(Supplement).pdf: 994740 bytes, checksum: 831e5ae9eaa09bd812fdfa163cc15d25 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-01-15T18:25:17Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 HigginsCBioEcoEnginMATERHORNUnfravelingIntricacies.pdf: 3703238 bytes, checksum: 81b494c60b0bd57bd2c2a5805a802fec (MD5) HigginsCBioEcoEnginMATERHORNUnfravelingIntricacies(Supplement).pdf: 994740 bytes, checksum: 831e5ae9eaa09bd812fdfa163cc15d25 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2016-01-15T18:25:17Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 HigginsCBioEcoEnginMATERHORNUnfravelingIntricacies.pdf: 3703238 bytes, checksum: 81b494c60b0bd57bd2c2a5805a802fec (MD5) HigginsCBioEcoEnginMATERHORNUnfravelingIntricacies(Supplement).pdf: 994740 bytes, checksum: 831e5ae9eaa09bd812fdfa163cc15d25 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-11

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