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Meta-Analysis Reveals a Critical Period for Management of Powdery Mildew on Hop Cones Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/xs55md921

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  • Results of 28 field trials conducted over a 12-year period investigating management of hop powdery mildew caused by Podosphaera macularis were quantitatively summarized by meta-analysis to compare product efficacy and use patterns by mode of action as defined by Fungicide Resistance Action Committee (FRAC) groups. Availability of original observations enabled individual participant data meta-analysis. Differences in control of powdery mildew on leaves and cones were apparent among fungicide FRAC groups when individual products were evaluated over the course of a growing season. FRAC groups 13, 3, and U13 provided the most efficacious control of powdery mildew on leaves. Percent disease control on cones was influenced by midseason foliar disease and fungicide mode-of-action. FRAC 13 provided significantly better disease control on cones than all other groups except U13, 3, and premixes of 7 with 11. Disease control on leaves was similar when a rotational program of fungicides was used, independent of the modes of action, but improved on cones if FRAC groups 13 and 3 were both included compared with programs consisting of FRAC groups 11 and 3, 11 and 5, or 3 and 5. Disease control on cones was improved from 32 to 52%, on average, when the fungicide quinoxyfen (FRAC 13) was applied at least once during the early stages of cone development, defined in this analysis as 20 July to 10 August, as compared with all other treatments. Efficacy of disease control on cones by quinoxyfen was moderated by and interacted with the incidence of leaves with powdery mildew. Disease control on cones was further improved if two applications of quinoxyfen were made during this period. Collectively, these findings suggest that disease control during juvenile stages of cone development largely influences the success of fungicide programs and point to the critical importance of focusing management efforts during this stage of development, independent of what actual management strategy is employed.
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  • Nelson, M. E., Gent, D. H., & Grove, G. G. (2015). Meta-analysis reveals a critical period for management of powdery mildew on hop cones. Plant Disease, 99(5), 632-640. doi:10.1094/PDIS-04-14-0396-RE
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  • 9
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  • 5
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  • Financial support for this research was provided by Washington State University Agriculture Research Center (ARC), Hop Research Council, Washington Hop Commission, Washington State Commission on Pesticide Registration, numerous fungicide manufacturers, USDA-ARS CRIS 5358-21000-040-00, and USDA Specialty Crops Research Initiative.
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