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Effects of US Antidumping under the Byrd Amendment: The Case of Catfish

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  • The Byrd Amendment permits US firms that petition successfully for antidumping duties to collect tariff revenues. Whether these payments strengthen the duty’s ability to raise price depends crucially on market structure. In a competitive market where domestic and imported goods are imperfect substitutes, the payments are akin to a production subsidy and thus undermine the duty’s ability to raise price. Applying the theory to antidumping duties imposed by the United States on catfish imports from Vietnam, a three-equation model estimated using monthly data from January 1999 to August 2006 showed the duties to have had a modest yet positive effect on the US price. Although the weak price effect is consistent with supply enlargement induced by the payments, our econometric results suggest substitution effects coupled with incidence shifting are stronger causal factors.
  • KEYWORDS: United States, Byrd Amendment, Catfish tariff, Fisheries economics, Vietnam, Trade policy, Antidumping
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  • Nguyen, Duc and Henry Kinnucan. 2008. Effects of US Antidumping under the Byrd Amendment: The Case of Catfish. 12 pages. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 22-25, 2008, Nha Trang, Vietnam: Achieving a Sustainable Future: Managing Aquaculture, Fishing, Trade and Development. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2008.
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  • US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries Division, The Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada; Aquaculture CRSP and AquaFish CRSP; Minh Phu Seafood Corporation; Vietnam Datacommunication Company (VDC); Camau Frozen Seafood Processing Import Export Corporation (Camimex); Long Sinh Limited Company; Mai Linh Group and Nam Viet Corporation.
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