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Community Fishery Rights: Issues, Approaches and Atlantic Canadian Case Studies Public Deposited

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  • Community fishery rights are use rights (the right to take part in fishing) and/or management rights (the right to be involved in managing the fishery) implemented at a local, community level. While by no means a new invention, community rights are receiving renewed attention as a mechanism to improve the effectiveness of management in achieving sustainable fisheries. The rationale for this lies in the potential for better use of local ecological knowledge, for greater acceptance of fishery management rules, for better resolution of conflicts – by balancing ecological, economic, and community goals – and as a result of the above, for positive effects on conservation and sustainability. Community fishery rights relate closely to the increasingly-popular approach of community-based co-management, in which local fishery participants and communities, along with government, have significant responsibility for the management and stewardship of fishery resources. In Canada’s Atlantic region, the fishery policy environment historically has not been attentive to, or supportive of, community rights or management initiatives. However, the negative impacts of a growing concentration of control in the fishery, produced by past policy measures, plus the new reality of aboriginal fisheries in the region, have led to grass-roots interest in community-based systems of fishery rights and fishery management, together with a certain degree of increased official acceptance. Indeed, though less publicized than the region’s fisheries based on individual rights (such as ITQs), there are significant examples in Atlantic Canada of community fishery rights. This paper describes two major categories of these systems: community management boards in the groundfish fishery, and newly-developed commercial fisheries in aboriginal (Mi’kmaq) communities.
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  • Charles, Anthony. 2006. Community Fishery Rights: Issues, Approaches and Atlantic Canadian Case Studies. In: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 11-14, 2006, Portsmouth, UK: Rebuilding Fisheries in an Uncertain Environment. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2006. CD ROM. ISBN 0-9763432-3-1
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  • The National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration Marine Fisheries Service, United States Department of Commerce (NOAA Fisheries); United Kingdom Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA); The United States Agency for International Development supported Aquaculture Collaborative Research and Support Program (ACRSP).
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Brian E. Davis(brian.davis@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-10-31T16:47:26Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 268.pdf: 56107 bytes, checksum: 1cf413224498cb7605f64d6bb05f4a93 (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-10-31T16:47:26Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 268.pdf: 56107 bytes, checksum: 1cf413224498cb7605f64d6bb05f4a93 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2006-11

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