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The Java Sea Small-Scale Fisheries in Changing Environment: Experiences from Indonesia Public Deposited

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  • The north coast of Java Sea is home to thousands of small-scale fishers fishing for small pelagic fish. The small pelagic fisheries have been the main economic and social activities for coastal communities where other alternatives are limited. The fisheries have been experiencing turbulent states during the last thirty years due to various transitions in regulatory regimes. As early as twenty years ago, the fisheries have been declared as overfishing, and the livelihood of the fishers has continued declining ever since. Government of Indonesia has initiated various policy schemes to save the fisheries, including the recent introduction of right based coastal areas to address ill-defined property rights in fisheries. Nevertheless, the results of such policies are unclear. Poverty and resource degradation are still rampant in the area. This paper attempts to address the fate of the fisheries within different policy regimes from centralized policy to decentralized policy. It also addresses how the transition from de facto open access to more regulated regimes designed to achieve responsible fishing has been a failure. Lessons learned are then drawn, and policy prescriptions are recommended for the fishery in the future.
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  • Fauzi, Akhmad and Zuzy Anna. 2010. The Java Sea Small-Scale Fisheries in Changing Environment: Experiences from Indonesia. 10 pages. In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 13-16, 2010, Montpellier, France: Economics of Fish Resources and Aquatic Ecosystems: Balancing Uses, Balancing Costs. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2010.
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  • US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries Division, Agence Française de Développement, Ministère de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche, Ministère de L’Alimentation de L’Agriculture et de la Pêche, Ministère de l’Énergie, du Développement Durable et de la Mer, La Région Languedoc Rouslilon, Département Hérault, Montpellier Agglomèration, The Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada, and AquaFish Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP).
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