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Rural community quotas - intentions and impacts Public Deposited

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  • In many fisheries, the harvesting pattern shows considerable intra-year variation. These fluctuations give challenges for downstream firms in value chains where predictability and continuity in the flow of production are important. Seasonal harvesting may well be rational from an economic perspective, as migration patterns can give huge variations in catch per unit effort. With limited quotas, profit can be maximized through fishing intensively in short periods. This strategy is particularly present in the Norwegian cod fisheries, where approx. 80 per cent is landed from January to April. During the lean season, fish-processing firms have low capacity utilization, and employees are often laid-off. In order to ease these problems, several schemes have been employed, all aiming at changing the harvesting pattern towards more landings of cod during the autumn. In 2006 and 2007, rural community quotas (RCQs) were re-introduced to improve supplies of raw material to particularly exposed communities in the lean season. An exclusive quota was allocated to an autumn fishery. This was allotted to vessels through a lottery among applicants. Quotas were to be delivered fresh to a specified geographical area. This paper describes and analyses the implementation and impacts of this quota system. The empirical findings reported focuses on the selection of vessels and communities and impact on harvesting pattern and processing.
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  • Hermansen, Oystein and Bent Dreyer. 2008. Rural community quotas - intentions and impacts. 12 pages. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 22-25, 2008, Nha Trang, Vietnam: Achieving a Sustainable Future: Managing Aquaculture, Fishing, Trade and Development. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2008.
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  • US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries Division, The Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada; Aquaculture CRSP and AquaFish CRSP; Minh Phu Seafood Corporation; Vietnam Datacommunication Company (VDC); Camau Frozen Seafood Processing Import Export Corporation (Camimex); Long Sinh Limited Company; Mai Linh Group and Nam Viet Corporation.
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