Aquaculture is currently responsible for an insignificant proportion of total fish production in Uganda. However,
given increasing demand for fresh fish in urban and peri-urban areas, and threats to the supply of fish from natural catch
fisheries there seems to be a potentially strong market for fish and fish products produced by aquaculturalists. Small-scale
fish farmers that are relatively close to markets or all season roads, and can supply consistent and high quality produce, will
have the widest range of marketing opportunities, and will likely be within the scope of potential traders and intermediaries
that deliver fish to markets. Fish farmers that are not close to roads, or produce unreliable quantities and quality of product
may face high transactions costs of marketing their product, decreasing net returns to production. We also find that
significant on-farm labor, and access to input markets are important factors leading to positive net returns to fish production.
Areas with high population density and relatively low wage rates will be well suited to labor intense aquaculture. We
conclude that aquaculture development has good potential in certain areas of Uganda and should therefore be pursued as a
potential development pathway. However, policy makers should consider the importance of the price of fresh fish relative to
the cost of labor, as well as other factors including the importance of smallholder credit and access to extension services
when directing investments in aquaculture technology.
Jagger, P. and J. Pender. Markets, Marketing and Production Issues for Aquaculture in East Africa: The Case of Uganda. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults:Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute ofFisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. InternationalInstitute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001.