Proceedings of the Eighteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, held July 11-15, 2016 at Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference Center (AECC), Aberdeen, Scotland, UK.
Suggested Bibliographic Reference: Challenging New Frontiers in the Global Seafood Sector: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 11-15, 2016. Compiled by Stefani J. Evers and Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2016.
Scholars of natural resource systems increasingly refer to ‘governance’ as a crucial steering activity for sustainable management of natural resources. It is now common practice to speak of ‘ocean governance’, ‘coastal governance’, and ‘fisheries governance’. Within governance, sustainability and decentralization are two major factors that underpin the success of governance of natural ecosystems such as a lagoon. Noteworthy, is that Governance, in this perspective, is qualitatively different from the related task of management in directing societal and environmental processes. Governance <b>adds dimensions that are absent in a fisheries management approach. Building sustainable, decentralized fisheries governance in lagoon ecosystems in Sri Lanka is recognized as a very important activity. Four types of fisheries management practices have existed in Sri Lanka. None of them has yielded expected outcomes. Sri Lankan lagoon ecosystems are very complex coastal water bodies, so is the human system that is dependent on them. Analyses clearly reveal five levels of decision making that influence the exploitation of lagoon ecosystems. Due to poor collaborative interactions at these decision making levels, the lagoon ecosystems in Sri Lanka have experienced different levels of destruction and have threatened livelihoods of small scale lagoon fishers with collapse, resulting in severe conflicts. Some lagoon ecosystems are beyond rehabilitation with available resources. This paper attempts to discuss the challenges and limitations of implementing fisheries management approaches in Sri Lanka and, thus the requirement of developing collaborative fisheries governance in Lagoon ecosystems in Sri Lanka.