Resource allocation by contest or bargaining Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/conference_proceedings_or_journals/3197xm97j

IIFET 2008 paper presentation by Eirik Mikkelsen from the Northern Research Institute Tromso.

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  • We consider resource allocation between two players through contest or Nash bargaining, assuming that player 2's contest effort or resource use exerts an externality on player 1. A sequential move contest where the effectively lowest valuation player (the underdog) moves first maximises individual and thus also sum of payoffs. The interests of regulator and players are thus aligned. In Nash bargaining between the players, a threat point of no allocation produces the highest sum of payoffs. Then the externality source fully gets the cost (benefit) of a negative (positive) externality. If contest outcomes are used as bargaining threat points, the highest sum of payoffs is for the favouritemoves- first contest. That contest, however, gives lower sum of payoffs as a contest, and is thus not immediately credible as threat point. If the regulator can commit to play the contest the players jointly recommend, or have as threat point to bargaining the contest the players jointly promote, sum of payoffs from contests and from Nash bargaining can be maximised, even if the regulator does not have full information about valuation and externality. It requires that the players have sufficient information to know who is favourite and who is underdog.
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  • Mikkelsen, Eirik. 2008. 12 pages. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 22-25, 2008, Nha Trang, Vietnam: Achieving a Sustainable Future: Managing Aquaculture, Fishing, Trade and Development. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2008.
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