Impact of decentralization policy on community based fisheries management : a lesson from the case of west Lombok, Indonesia Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/conference_proceedings_or_journals/37720d91h

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  • This paper provides analysis on the current trends for decentralization of fisheries management in Indonesia. In Indonesia, decentralization has been processed by the establishment of Undang-Undang (UU) 22/1999 (local autonomy law), which is a product of the Reform movement to correct the centralism practiced in the New Order or Soeharto era (1966-1998). By this law, local government has gained new authorities of marine-fisheries management. According to this law as far as 12 miles of sea area from coastline is under provincial government authority, and within those 12 miles there are 4 miles under the authority of the local or district government (article 3 and 10). Theoretically decentralization is considered as the most appropriate form of fisheries governance to enable for local governments to fundamentally control local fishing by community based management system (CBFM). The CBFMs in Indonesia were established and rooted in traditional fishing communities. Nevertheless, the role of these systems has been somewhat undermined by the central government during the New Order Period (1966-1998) because political decision states that marine areas must be nationally owned. The legal products, especially the Fisheries Law and the Rural Governance law supporting such political decisions are critically analyzed. In the decentralization era, however, these traditional systems may be reconsidered as the main social and cultural capital of fisheries management, particularly for coastal fisheries. Based on case study in Lombok Barat, this article reveals some positive impacts of decentralization policy: state's recognition of CBFMs, devolution of fisheries management to the local people, and strengthening of CBFMs. These impacts show that decentralization can be an external factor for strengthening the CBFM system. However, the strength of CBFM also comes from the process of how the local institution is built. This paper identifies some agendas which are being encountered both in the central and local levels. This is related to the need of improvement of the legal framework, the capacity building of the local government, and the revitalization of the local institution.
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  • Satria, Arif, Yoshiaki Matsuda. 2004. Impact of decentralization policy on community based fisheries management : a lesson from the case of west Lombok, Indonesia. Peer Review: No. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 20-30, 2004, Tokyo, Japan: What are Responsible Fisheries? Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2004. CD ROM. ISBN 0-9763432-0-7
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