|Abstract or Summary
- Influence of the Skipper Effect in fishing efficiency of a mixed fishing fleet, looking at a Mexican case study. Understanding the factors that define technical efficiency in a fleet is a requirement to define strategies to regulate the fishing pressure. In industrial and semi-industrial fleets more weight has been given to the technological effect, while in small-scale fisheries the skipper effect has been more widely discussed. This study aimed to understand the human and technological factors that define the fishing efficiency of a semi-industrial fleet operating at the Campeche Bank, Mexico. A stochastic ray frontier was used to evaluate such efficiency. Nine variables were included: days at sea, crew size, vessel length, power-engine, skippers’ experience, skippers’ education, year-season, fishing area and fishing gear. The data from two fishing seasons (2012 and 2014) used in the analysis comes from logbooks of skippers and interviews undertaken in the Yucatan coast. A total of 1,095 fishing trips were analyzed, the efficiency of the fleet for both year was medium (0.72 and 0.62). Fishing gear, days at sea, crew size, fishing zone and skipper experience were significant variables. The skipper experience (given their background), associated to other variables seemed more relevant for fishing efficiency than the technological effect. Catch composition associated to the type of gear used and fishing zone were also significant factors, which becomes relevant when one analyze the performance of a mixed fishery.