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The ecosystem approach and fisheries management institutions: the noble art of addressing complexity and uncertainty with all onboard and on a budget Public Deposited

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  • The inclusion of ecosystem considerations in fisheries management implies two changes with extensive institutional repercussions: the uncertainties about states and outcomes rise dramatically and a multiplicity of new stakeholders, interests and objectives must be accommodated in the management institutions. The first change may potentially add immense costs to the management process while the latter may undermine legitimacy if the institutional repercussions of these changes are not taken care of from the outset. This paper discusses the institutional requirements of various models of ecosystem approaches to fisheries management. The paper sets out reviewing the models for ecosystem approach integration in fisheries management which are emerging in the debate. The three basic – not mutually exclusive - models discussed are 1) an extension of the present fisheries management paradigm with a requirement for quantified predictability, 2) an approach based on a comprehensive set of structured indicators, 3) an approach based on metaindicators and implementing regulation of overall pressure such as marine protected areas or capacity reduction supplemented by technical measures. These models are then evaluated in terms of their knowledge requirements, implementation costs and to which extent they are likely to enable participation. The evaluation of knowledge requirements discusses data requirements, requirements for institutional capacity to produce knowledge, model and data uncertainties and the costs of producing knowledge. The evaluation of implementation costs discusses requirements for MCS for the various approaches. The evaluation of participatory potentials discusses the discourse basis of the various approaches, to which extent objectives and knowledge are or can be shared, the institutional requirements for participation in the various approaches and implementation issues related to participation.
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  • Degnbol, Poul. 2002. The ecosystem approach and fisheries management institutions: the noble art of addressing complexity and uncertainty with all onboard and on a budget. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, August 19-22, 2002, Wellington, New Zealand: Fisheries in the Global Economy. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2002. CD ROM.
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