Fishing for a Future: Models of Tuna Resource Allocation under the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Convention Public Deposited

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  • The implementation of Convention on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean provides all stakeholders an opportunity to implement a comprehensive management regime that incorporates all tuna stocks and all fishing activity using ecological sustainable development principles and best practice fisheries management. The central problem facing the signatories to the Convention is typical of those facing common-pool resource (CPR) users everywhere: how are the tuna resources to be shared amongst stakeholders, how much tuna should be harvested, where should it be harvested and who should be allowed to harvest it? Arguably, the international dimension of the Convention complicates the problem because of the significantly greater diversity amongst stakeholders in terms of size, power and resources available for negotiation, interests and aspirations each hold in the stocks. This paper argues that addressing the CPR management needs is best achieved by drawing on lessons from the incentive based fisheries management literature and developing management frameworks centered around the explicit and transparent allocation of tuna resources under the rules of the Convention. In this paper 3 such models are presented and evaluated according to its ability to addresses the key management challenges of the WCPFC: over fishing (achieving biological sustainability), over capacity (achieving economic sustainability), meeting the (developmental) aspirations of members and the extent to which the implementation is possible within the limited capacity of the region.
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  • Parris, Hannah. 2008. Fishing for a Future: Models of Tuna Resource Allocation under the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Convention. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 22-25, 2008, Nha Trang, Vietnam: Achieving a Sustainable Future: Managing Aquaculture, Fishing, Trade and Development. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2008.
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