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International Trade of Fishery Products and Co-operation Opportunities in Chinese Fisheries

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  • China is a large developing country with 1.28 billion of population, per capita’s income is continually increasing; the population is also increasing, so that the demand for human eatable consumption of fishery products is increasing significantly. During 1995 to 2001, the average annually increasing rate of per capita’s GDP was 7.6% in China, while in Shanghai, that was 12.0% in the same period and the per capita’s GDP was reached up to US$ 5000 in 2002. In the recent years, more and more imported seafood have been appeared in the China’s fish market. In 2002, China imported total about 2490 thousand MT of fishery products, among which 958 thousand MT was fishmeal and 936 thousand MT was imported for processing and then re-exported. Total of 600 thousand MT of directly eatable fishery products was imported and that was increased 200 thousand MT comparing previous year. China’s both imported and exported fishery products were increased 7.6%, 21% and 6.8%, 12.1% by volume and value respectively in 2002 comparing previous year. In Chinese fishing industry, to improve post-harvest processing is seen as a way of developing the industry without increasing even decreasing harvests. As well as reducing losses through poor handling, improved processing can raise the value added of fish products and establish uses for otherwise discarded catch. And to improve the distribution of marine fish to inland areas, distant from the coast, is also important. China’s accession to the WTO will undoubtedly speed up the standardization of international seafood trade and aquatic product market in China. China’s seafood import and export will be expanded so as to meet the continuously increased need to high-value seafood for Chinese high-income residents. In 2002, for instance, Shanghai imported 719 MT of Fresh and chilled salmon, it was 12 times of that in 1999. The Chinese fisheries pay more attentions to strengthen the reciprocal complement with the fisheries of other countries and regions in the world. In fact, China has established the cooperative relationship in the field of fishery economy, technology, trade, and others with more than 60 countries or regions, and international organizations in the world.
  • KEYWORDS: Cooperation, Chinese Fisheries, International Trade, Fisheries economics, Fisheries Products
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  • Zhang, Xiang-guo. 2004. International Trade of Fishery Products and Co-operation Opportunities in Chinese Fisheries. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 20-30, 2004, Tokyo, Japan: What are Responsible Fisheries? Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2004. CD ROM. ISBN 0-9763432-0-7
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