Participatory Approach to Fishing Crafts Building in Post Tsunami Scenario Public Deposited

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  • The tsunami waves that hit Sri Lanka on the 26th December 2004 have decimated coastal fishing communities. Fishery in Sri Lanka is largely small scale and they are among the poorest communities in the country. Fishers have not only been affected by loss of lives or substantial damage to their shelter, but also to fishing crafts and fishing gear. It is estimated that one third of affected households were fishers. In some districts, it turned out to be far higher. The immediate steps taken to restore fisheries sector back was to replace and repair fishing gear and fishing crafts. Subsequently, the well meaning organizations and the government of Sri Lanka replaced fishing gear and crafts. But according to the fishers, about 40% fishing crafts replaced and repaired are unseaworthy. This is because specification of fishing crafts defers from area to area depending on the type fishing practice, nature of the sea/lagoon, beliefs and fishing habits. The rapid replacement process not recognizing these differences, used generic craft designs to produce and distribute fishing crafts to put the fishers back to their livelihoods. Participatory approach to building and repairing fishing crafts though take longer time, ensures that fishermen's needs, likes, dislikes and specifications on the required types of fishing crafts are met, leading to a production of seaworthy, fishermen preferred, location specific, productive fishing crafts.
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  • Gunasekara, Jayantha and Erwin Rathnaweera. 2008. Participatory Approach to Fishing Crafts Building in Post Tsunami Scenario. 3 pages. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 22-25, 2008, Nha Trang, Vietnam: Achieving a Sustainable Future: Managing Aquaculture, Fishing, Trade and Development. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2008.
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