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  • The inability to find a solution – acceptable to sufficient stakeholders to achieve political agreement - to effectively adjust fisheries resources management systems and sector policies lies at the heart of most overexploitation tragedies. For developing countries the application of a technological approach - focusing on rights, maximizing single, economic or biological objectives - is largely irrelevant. To successfully introduce necessary changes in their sector policies and resources management systems, they require operational analysis of politically feasible solutions to create the political critical mass to support adjustment and a roadmap to move the political processes. This paper explains what caused operational ‘politics’ to be ignored in the past, what analytical tools exist and it provides an example of the scope of potential benefits of such political analysis. The paper discusses the Politically Feasible Solution (PFS), the outcome of political processes and decisions – analyzed in advance - that better satisfies a larger number of stakeholders compared to the without analysis scenario. To create multi-stakeholder consensus, such political analysis may use parameters that combine the multiple interests of key stakeholder groups into a single variable. Joining scientific, commercial and public finance objectives, the Effective Commercial Yield (ECY) would enable the fleet to: (a) compete effectively in international markets, and (b) provide a share of the resource rent to the public sector. The Socio-economic and Environmental Program (SEP) combines the multiple objectives of small-scale fishermen for meaningful employment with those of environmental protection and biodiversity interests.
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  • van Santen, Gert. 2006. PFS = ECY + SEP. In: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 11-14, 2006, Portsmouth, UK: Rebuilding Fisheries in an Uncertain Environment. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2006. CD ROM. ISBN 0-9763432-3-1
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  • The National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration Marine Fisheries Service, United States Department of Commerce (NOAA Fisheries); United Kingdom Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA); The United States Agency for International Development supported Aquaculture Collaborative Research and Support Program (ACRSP).
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