Is Shrimp Farming in Thailand Ecologically Sustainable? Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/conference_proceedings_or_journals/5h73px02x

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  • Shrimp farming in Thailand is considered to be one of the main causes of mangrove deforestation. The Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis, however, posits that economic development eventually reverses resource degradation. This hypothesis is examined using pooled data on mangrove loss and Gross Provincial Product (GPP) from 23 provinces in Thailand in various years between 1975 and 2004. The empirical results show strong evidence of an EKC relationship between mangrove loss and GPP. In addition, the relationship between shrimp farming and mangrove loss is examined. Shrimp farming is found to significantly affect the extent of mangrove deforestation. The development of extensive and semi-intensive shrimp farming techniques quickens mangrove deforestation, but intensive shrimp farming, which developed during the 1990s, reduces mangrove loss.
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  • Naito, Toyokazu and Suphakarn Traesupap. 2006. Is Shrimp Farming in Thailand Ecologically Sustainable? In: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 11-14, 2006, Portsmouth, UK: Rebuilding Fisheries in an Uncertain Environment. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2006. CD ROM. ISBN 0-9763432-3-1
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