The representation of fisheries in African poverty reduction strategy papers Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/conference_proceedings_or_journals/6682x509w

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  • Poverty reduction and food security are key development concerns articulated through Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs). This paper examines the fisheries sector's participation in these strategies. Adapting Oksanen and Mersmann's (2002) methodology for assessing the status of forestry in Sub-Saharan Africa, we evaluate the fisheries sector's representation in twenty-nine African PRSPs. The methodology considers four criteria: inclusion in documents; causal links between fisheries and poverty; fisheries-related responses and actions; and the sector's inclusion in policy formulation. Each criterion is evaluated on a four-point scale, and scores are aggregated to reveal the degree to which fisheries is represented in poverty strategies. While we identified examples of best practice, our analysis raises concerns about the representation of fisheries in development planning. Most policy documents acknowledged the sector and its economic and social significance. Many also express concerns about the sustainability of exploitation. While, linkages between fisheries and poverty were often absent or poorly articulated, as were the processes linking fisheries and development policies. Our analysis suggests that the sector's representation in and influence upon policy varies considerably between PRSPs. Moreover, there is in many cases no clear association between the integration into development processes and the economic and social significance of the sector. In conclusion, we suggest research priorities to facilitate the more effective incorporation of the fisheries sector into development planning.
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  • Thorpe, Andy, Chris Reid. 2004. The representation of fisheries in African poverty reduction strategy papers. Peer Review: No. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 20-30, 2004, Tokyo, Japan: What are Responsible Fisheries? Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2004. CD ROM. ISBN 0-9763432-0-7
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