Role of floating fishing villages in the social life of fishers in south central region Public Deposited

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  • Unlike the North and the South where abundance of freshwater, the marine capture fisheries is underdeveloped, the Central Coast, especially South Central Coast with little freshwater fisheries resources, but high amount of shrimps, fishes at sea, thus local fishermen have exploited this resource for living early. Together with this living process, Van Chai- a basic social unit, has been setup and gradually completed. In tradition of social units, this level is both administrative unit and self-governing unit. It also carries out many functions: managing people, organizing production, belief life and controlling resources etc. Since changes of traditional social system in Vietnam from three-level institution including Family – Village – State (“in home out village, in village out state”) to a five-level system: State (Central) - Province - District – Commune – Hamlet (village), functions of Van Chai has also been changed. Today, like agricultural villages, Van Chai only play their roles as self-governing unit besides supporting each other among its households in term of non-administrative internal works such as funeral ceremonies, marriage, festivals and so on, other functions such as managing resources go beyond responsibility of Van Chai recently. These changes do not only affect fishermen’s life in many aspects but also resources protection. In current social circumstances, no one worries when resource is in exhausted. With above idea, the report will mention following contents: 1. Process for formation and development of Van Chai in South Central Coast 2. Functions of Van Chai in South Central Coast in traditional social life + Function as a fishers managing unit + Function as a production unit + Function as a belief unit + Function to control and protect fisheries resources 3. Changes on functions of Van Chai in current social life and corollaries from these changes In the conclusion, some issues are raised for discussion: How to promote and inherit roles and functions of Van Chai under current developed process as well as arena of fisheries resource protection.
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  • Nguyen, Duy Thieu. 2008. Role of floating fishing villages in the social life of fishers in south central region. 10 pages. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 22-25, 2008, Nha Trang, Vietnam: Achieving a Sustainable Future: Managing Aquaculture, Fishing, Trade and Development. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2008.
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