Various international instruments that could play a positive role in the management of fisheries on the high seas, such as the UN Fish Stocks Agreement and the FAO Compliance Agreement, have not yet come into force. The reach of Regional Fisheries Management Organizations does not yet extend seamless across the ocean=s surface. Not all coastal and flag States play by the rules in support of sustainable fishing practices. To get at bad actors States and RFMOs and other management bodies are turning to trade measures. This paper reports on the current use of trade measures as well as on a new initiative under debate.
Schneider, G. Current Debate Over Potential Use of Trade Measures. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults: Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA. Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001.