Various international instruments that could play a positive role in the management of fisheries on the high seas, such as the
UN Fish Stocks Agreement and the FAO Compliance Agreement, have not yet come into force. The reach of Regional Fisheries
Management Organizations does not yet extend seamless across the ocean=s surface. Not all coastal and flag States play by the rules in
support of sustainable fishing practices. To get at bad actors States and RFMOs and other management bodies are turning to trade
measures. This paper reports on the current use of trade measures as well as on a new initiative under debate.
Schneider, G. Current Debate Over Potential Use of Trade Measures. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults:Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute ofFisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. InternationalInstitute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001.