Problems and Prospects of Small-Scale Fisheries Development in India Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/conference_proceedings_or_journals/7p88ch31j

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  • Small-Scale Fisheries constitute 81 per cent of the total fisheries sector in India.It has been playing a pivotal role in providing employment, income and nutritional security to a vast majority of India's population. But, this sector remains neglected and the fisherfolk who depend on it remain socially and economically backward. Small-scale fisheries development is hampered due to several hurdles, of which, family size, absence of technical education, traditional methods of fishing, information gaps, lack of adequate infrastructure-basic, financial and marketing and also the negligible allocation of funds for fisheries development have been discussed. These problems deprive the fisherfolk from enjoying their entitlements. The type of entitlement failures and the various factors leading to such failures of the fisherfolk are analysed. Issues like interlinkages of credit, migration of fishermen, class conflicts in the utilisation of common property (sea) are brought to light. The need for management of 'unregulated fisheries' for sustainable use of the marine resources so as to increase employment, fish food, income and export earnings is also given. The need for public awareness on importance of fisheries in human nutrition security, defects of over-fishing, allocation of more funds for fisheries development and urgency of a participatary fishery policy is also discussed. Policy implications emerging in the light of the findings of the study are also given briefly.
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  • Kanthiah, Pazhani. 2008. Problems and Prospects of Small-Scale Fisheries Development in India. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 22-25, 2008, Nha Trang, Vietnam: Achieving a Sustainable Future: Managing Aquaculture, Fishing, Trade and Development. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2008.
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