Capacity Reducing Measures in Norway: the Case of the Cod Trawlers Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/conference_proceedings_or_journals/7w62fb32h

Proceedings of the Eighteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, held July 11-15, 2016 at Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference Center (AECC), Aberdeen, Scotland, UK.

Suggested Bibliographic Reference: Challenging New Frontiers in the Global Seafood Sector: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 11-15, 2016. Compiled by Stefani J. Evers and Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2016.

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  • Excess capacity and overfishing have constituted major threats to sustainable management of fish stocks. Moreover, if capital is locked in unproductive capital in fishing vessels it also constitute a threat to social welfare if fish abundancy and prices are too low to support the livelihood of fish dependent communities and populations. In this paper we address different stages of Norwegian regulations aiming at reducing the fishing capacity of the fleet. The case studied is the cod trawler fleet: a vessel group that was introduced in the fishery to support fish processing industry in North-Norway. We start with a historic introduction to the development in the Norwegian fishery sector, where the need for capacity reducing measures becomes ever clearer in the second quarter of the last century. Different measures and policies are scrutinized during the period studied, and there seems to be a clear development from subsidies and management dictate to market based incentives in the structural policies. Although introducing TAC and a fixed share of the quota to the vessel group, the fishing opportunities still fluctuates significantly. In addition, annulling subsidies causes need among the actors for innovation and efficiency. In our study, we find a vast reduction in number of vessels. However, as new and efficient vessels are introduced to the fleet, the capacity is not reduced. The findings in the paper reveal several challenges related to how to adjust the fishing capacity within the frames of the Norwegian management regime.
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  • 0976343290

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