Proceedings of the Eighteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, held July 11-15, 2016 at Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference Center (AECC), Aberdeen, Scotland, UK.
Suggested Bibliographic Reference: Challenging New Frontiers in the Global Seafood Sector: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 11-15, 2016. Compiled by Stefani J. Evers and Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2016.
The vulnerability approach is an analytical framework used to assess the impacts caused by changes in socio-ecosystems that are often linked to large external natural events. The vulnerability approach is mobilized by the sciences that deal with the management of environmental risks with the aim to determine the conditions allowing to reduce the effects of changes and to support the adaptive capacity of threatened socio-ecosystems. This approach can also be applied to the analysis of sustainability of natural resources exploitation. In this paper, we investigate how it allows (1) to understand how transformations caused by events spread within an industry according to the sensitivity and adaptive capacity of the industry and its companies; (2) to clarify the nature of relationships between actors and their effect on vulnerability; (3) to better understand the internal processes that weaken the natural resource industries and therefore learn more about their sustainability. The analytical framework proposed in this study is based on a combination of complementary approaches: the approach of vulnerability, the actor-network theory, and the co-building approach of indicators (e.g. Evad method). The French oyster farming system in Southern Britanny is used as a case study to illustrate this approach. The analysis highlights the factors of vulnerability that are relevant to the sustainability of the system.