It is often said that the reason why Community-Based Fishery Management System (CBFM) in Japan has been well practiced is due to a historical development of a fishing right system, which emerged during her feudal era. This is not always correct. Until August 1945, when Japan was defeated in the World War II, Japanese people served to the emperor under the military government. In those days there was no democracy at all. Thereafter, Japan was occupied by the Allied Forces for seven years until April 1952. During this period, the policy of the Occupied Forces was to make Japan a real democratic country. Within such a fundamental policy, the contents of Japan’s fishery law was thoroughly redrafted in order that fishermen are entitled to participate in the planning with regard to the use of fishing area and fishery resources through a fishery coordination committee at the utmost democratic manner. This gave an ideal circumstance to Japanese fishermen to create a collective fishery management, which is often called a community-based fishery management system.
Yamamoto, T. Collective Fishery Management Developed in Japan: Why Community-based Fishery Management Has Been Well Developed in Japan. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults: Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA. Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001.