Two fishery management innovations developed in New Zealand are described. The first is a programme of “self-monitoring” of the catch through the biological sampling by the skipper or a crew member on the vessel. The intent of this programme is to take a small sample of many units of effort across a broad range of the fleet on a frequent basis. This design is dynamic and ensures that the fishery is well sampled. Examination of the data collected shows considerable internal integrity in the data and provides confidence that the information is reliable. The second innovation is the use of experimental increases in TAC (Total Allowable Catch) levels to obtain information on fish stocks which have low information availability. These increases in allowable catch are coupled with monitoring programmes to follow stock abundance trends under higher levels of removals. Both the NZ government and the NZ fishing industry are supportive of this programme as it is an effective way to obtain fish stock information when research opportunities are limited. It is the opinion of the author that the existence of the ITQ management system in New Zealand coupled with a governmental policy of recovering attributable management costs have created a climate in which innovations which reduce costs while maintaining the quality of research are favoured.
Keywords: Self-monitoring, adaptive-management, ITQ, Industry research
Starr, P. Fishery Management Innovations in New Zealand. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults: Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA. Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001.