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Gender Roles, Rural Household Food Security and Entrepreneurship Among Women in Selected Fishing Communities in South Western Nigeria

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  • Nigerian women in fishing sector remain a potent force in the economic growth of fishing communities. The basic objective of involving women in fisheries Development is to make them equal partners to men. That will enable them to participate productively and self-reliantly to improve their family’s nutritional and living standards. To create and maintain food and income security in the household, the activities are directed to economic, social and communal organizational and population related aspects. However, many socio-economic factors influences their entrepreneurial skills. This study examines some objectives, such as the roles women play in planning and fisheries management, describing the socio-economic factors, affecting fishing households. Allocation of labour time, determining the effects of some simulated policies on entrepreneurship among the women in the study area. 100 respondents were interviewed in all. A participatory action research approach was employed in addition to the use of primary and secondary data. Purposive sampling method was used in order to cover various aspects of women's economic roles in the fishing communities. Special effort was made to include all economic ventures; attention was given to the scale of operation and method of fishing activities by men and women who supply the primary products. formal and informal and group discussions were carried out for the qualitative method. For the analysis, simple counts, tables of frequencies were used. With respect to estimates of income. The study also highlighted the problems encountered by the women in the study area and proffer solution.
  • This is part of the IIFET Special Session on Markets and Value Chains for Small Aquaculture & Fisheries Enterprises with a Focus on Gender that took place on 17 July 2012 in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania in conjunction with 16th IIFET Conference. The complete proceedings of this special session are available ( through the Aquaculture & Fisheries Collaborative Research Support Program gender web site, (
  • KEYWORDS: Fisheries economics, Overcoming Gender Inequalities in Fish Supply Chains to Inform Policy and Action, Special topics, CRSP
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  • Omolara, A.F. Gender Roles, Rural Household Food Security and Entrepreneurship Among Women in Selected Fishing Communities in South Western Nigeria. In: Visible Possibilities: The Economics of Sustainable Fisheries, Aquaculture and Seafood Trade: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 16-20, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Edited by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2012.
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  • AQUAFISH, USAID, NEPAD Planning and Coordination Agency, Norad, The World Bank, Hyatt Regency Dar es Salaam, NAAFE, World Wildlife Fund, United Nations University Fisheries Training Programme, ICEIDA, JICA, JIFRS, The European Association of Fisheries Economists, International Seafood Sustainability Foundation



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